Summary of Reading (June ’20)

Rafa (Rafael Nadal) – I’ve never really been that engrossed with tennis so reading this book was an insight into a world I’ve never really been a part of, but it was fun nonetheless. Major parts of the book seemed like they were devoted to more tennis-tuned readers, given that there’s a lot on game specifics and a lot of tennis terminology that went flying over my head. I found it really insightful to read about the impact his social and mental stability had on his physical stability and his game. I especially found the sections on the the importance of family to Nadal, and how his circle of stability helps him. It was also inspiring to read about having such a concrete routine that you’re at the court of 5 am no matter what and no matter how much sleep you were able to get. He talks a lot about having a very focused mental state during the game, and filtering everything out but the game so that you have very high concentration, and I relate to that not just because I’ve played cricket in the past, but because that state of mind where nothing else can impact you and all your mind is bent on particular task is something I try to attain and do attain while programming or reading. The sections on humility are also wonderful to read, but also mildly humorous sometimes, especially the parts where he talks about how his uncle and coach, Toni, makes him perform small, irrelevant gestures like not walking in the middle of the group and not violating dress codes etc. I also enjoyed reading about Mallorca and the societal setup there, the amount of peace Nadal gets is incredibly valuable given not many athletes can afford that in the modern world, and seeing him talk about how important a factor that is is brilliant and wholly justified. This book deviated from my usual sci-fi adventures, but I enjoyed it but found the sections on describing games for long periods of time a bit too much.

The Three Body Problem (Cixin Liu) An incredible book that brings together two vastly different story-lines in a manner I am yet to see. The book starts out in mundane manner, throwing you straight into the action wherein the antagonist’s father dies, forming the motivation for an act we see quite a while later. Everything that occurs at the starts: the countdown, weird results from experiments, the universe flashing, seem to be pure sci-fi elements that the author eithers fails to or doesn’t explain. The beauty of this book lies in turning that around into something that is rational and believable. Even more so, it’s amazing to see the Three Body video game turn into something that exists in the real world. Of course, abandoning the question of how life even came to be on such a world, it’s fascinating to see alternate theories play out as to how the environment functions, and see hundreds of years of scientific progress occur in the span of a few pages. The different scenarios that play out: solar trygzys, triple sun days, chaotic eras and so on make this book incredibly fascinating. Add to that the depth to which all characters have been created; we have Wang who is oblivious to the grand scheme of things but a good man at his core, then we have Dang Shi who is oblivious to the big picture and not a man of science, but the guy who always solves the problem through his core set of principles, and lastly we have Ye, an almost psychopathic personality with a deep hatred for humankind, such that she’s effectively brought and end to it. Learning about the 3 body problem was an incredible experience for me. I also loved the author’s note about how most ideas that take off fall back to ground because of how the gravity of reality is too strong.

Delta-V (Daniel Suarez) – Very much new, and very relevant. While some of the things in the book were downright outlandish, how Suarez portrayed everything and how real he made the dangers of space travel seem to be made this book amazing to read. The candidate smelection process had a lot of time and space devoted to it, and it payed off with it being one of the best pre-climax sections I’ve personally read. In fact, I’d say some of the stuff in the entire candidate selection section was better than the rest of the book and the climax. It was really good at hooking me on. Some stuff that stood out during the candidate selection process: the high-co2 atmosphere puzzle solving event, the psychological test, and most importantly, how bonds were being formed. When the actual crew went up to hotel LEO to pursue other projects, I thought that the book was dying down, and I personally vouched for the chosen crew dying in their first attempt and the actual crew substituting for them, but what Saurez did was much better, although admittedly a bit rushed. I also couldn’t quite comprehend why a spaceship that had 14 billion dollars invested in it had a lot of software errors that made living unbearable and potentially fatal for the crew. I mean, come on, if you have 14 billion dollars, surely you can have a nice programming team as well who don’t mess their job up. The entire concept of mining was made so much better by the sample schematics attached by Saurez towards the end, they really payed off. The arrival of the Argo was also surprising, and Joyce’s downfall was also kind of expected but tragic nonetheless. The worst part of the book, in my opinion, was how the new investors treated the astroanuts. That seemed like pure fiction, rather than the rest of the book, which was genuinely believable and inspiring. This book also hammered into me the sort of challenges future astronauts can face, and the sacrifices they might have to make. It really drove the point home; space is hard.

Ender’s Game (Orson Scott Card) – Pretty good read. What really held me back was the sheer outlandishness of a boy of eleven years of age leading an entire army and being representative of the Earth’s military WHILE not even realizing he was doing this. I know its purely fictional, and the story is quite impressive, but the entire notion of such a young person doing all that is beyond me. Another thing I did not understand was why Mazer Rackham didn’t lead the armies. He told Ender that he wouldn’t be alive until the date of the future battle, when instead that same battle was Ender’s training. The simple explanation for this is that Ender is better than Mazer. That being said, no matter how good Ender is, why would the authorities choose a 11 year old boy with an incredible skill set over an experienced veteran and celebrated hero? That doesn’t make any sense to me. I love the elegance in how Ender is compassionate at heart and Peter is more hurtful, but how events reverse roles, making Ender seem hurtful and Peter seem compassionate. Throughout the book, Ender’s desire to not be like Peter holds him back and dominates him, whereas Peter’s desire to be more compassionate drives him to greater heights. It’s a stunning depiction of how events in the real world can pan out, and how roles can be reversed even when characters are not. In very cliche fashion, I’m going to say that the character I bonded the most with was the main character, Ender, but only because of his tendency to look at things the way they were and not the way they were conventionally taken to be. The best example of this is how each team thought of the battleroom as horizontally aligned, but Ender was the only one who viewed it as a place where you’re going down towards your enemy and not straight, and that changed a lot. His tendency to tackle the rules is also brought out by the match against two teams, where he sends a man through the gate rather than eliminating the two teams. The ending is a bit heartbreaking, especially when Ender realizes that he didn’t just obliterate the opposite side which had its own culture and legacy, but also sacrificed soldiers on his side without knowing so, and seeing how the guilt of this plays out is fascinating.

Recursion (Blake Crouch) – A book that takes science and throws it out the front door. The reasoning that time has no linearity, and that the past, the present, and the future exist as one just makes no sense. The simplest way to gauge time is drink tea; your cup of tea cools down gradually, that’s the progression of time. However, time isn’t a thing in this book. Instead, it’s a virtual construct made by our brains to make everything much more simple. And guess what this means, you can travel back and forth, but not in time, in your memories. Now, in normal conditions, this would be time travel, but since time apparently does not exist in this book, or is as traversable as a physical dimension, this is just memory travel. The part that struck me the most was how Helena and Barry were not able to figure out how to nullify everything after the original timeline in what was about 198 years, when Slade did that on his own in just a single timeline. Both of them thought about it so much that Barry, who was a police detective in the first timeline, became an astrophysicist/quantum physicist in the second and was trying to calculate the Schwarzschild radius of a memory (what?). Both of them didn’t think about returning to the previous timeline by activating a dead memory. It’s only logicial that if you can time travel, the only way to nullify your existing timeline is to go back and cut out the event that birthed your existing timeline. Instead, Barry and Helina decided to try and find a way to remove dead memories themselves rather than the events that created those dead memories, had they decided to try and pursue the latter in 198 years, they would’ve succeeded. I also don’t get why people need to be killed to be sent back into their own timeline, or why the U-shaped building building just appeared and caused mass FMS rather than it being there forever and people getting FMS when the cut-off date finally came.

Currently Reading

The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier and Clay (Michael Chabon)

The Brain (David Eagleman)

What is Intelligence?

Reading Homo Deus by Yuval Harari really made me think about some stuff. Here’s what I concluded about the nature of intelligence:

I’m going to go out on a limb and say drawing conclusions from a given amount of data can be defined as a reasonable metric for intelligence. For instance, in math classrooms the most intelligent students are those who can work through problems with ease and in the absence of exterior help. However, machines can do the same in a matter of nanoseconds. In fact, machines have already replaced humans in terms of calculation, with pocket calculators now a classroom tool and supercomputers enabling us to explore much larger numbers like the googolplex. Now, machine learning is replacing humans in the broad area of problem solving. Artificial Intelligence is being used to diagnose patients with various maladies, effectively reducing a doctor’s job from diagnosis and cure to just cure, which may be cut down even more due to the development of robotic surgery tools.

It’s safe to say machines are more intelligent than humans in the modern world. Machines are already pioneering and establishing new frontiers for humankind. From Mars, where mechanical probes are more commonplace than humans, to the Marianas Trench, where remotely piloted submarines have been before us. The advent of artificial intelligence will seal what is surely the intellectual dominion of computers over humankind. This begs a very important question, what makes us unique?

The first two candidates that come to mind are curiosity and sentience. On a side note, Octopuses display both those traits. With a separate brain in each of their eight tentacles, a camouflaging ability that puts chameleons to shame, and a profound tendency to form emotional bonds with everyone they meet and memorise them. Octopuses are to us what velociraptors were to Dr Alan Grant in Jurassic Park; thank god they dwell in the ocean and not on the surface.

Another pressing question isn’t whether or not sentience makes us unique, but whether or not it makes us weak. Machines lack emotions, most people call that a drawback, but is it? Imagine this scenario:

It’s the year 2050, and humankind has a noticeable presence on Mars, with upto ten thousand people calling themselves ‘Martians.’ A disease outbreak the likes of which have never been seen before occurs, killing every single Martian. A ship departs from Mars, bound for Earth. Now, a human gateway operator in a space station orbiting Earth has two alternatives, destroy the ship from Mars using a nuclear warhead to prevent a potential outbreak on Earth, or let it pass and risk an extinction-level event. Here’s a twist, his wife and kids are aboard the ship. This creates a situation where there’s room for doubt, which leads to potential for catastrophe, and when a few lives come in the way of all life, catastrophe does occur. Now imagine a benevolent AI operating the space station. Weighing the

lives of those aboard the ship against life on planet Earth, it would pull the trigger and hence end the risk of another outbreak.

Movies and books about future civilizations and artificial intelligence always contain fascinating plot twists where all of a sudden love emerges as the differentiator between humans and machines. Machines go haywire, and the humans win. Interstellar ends with love ‘transcending reality,’ and being the one ‘force’ that saves the entire planet from starving. Why? Because a father loved his daughter very much. Imagine an artificial intelligence program in place of Darth Vader, would it have given in to fatherly love, killed the Emperor, and ensured the victory of the light side in ​The Return of the Jedi?​

What makes machines efficient is their lack of emotional judgement. Did Curiosity, the rover, ever feel lonely on a planet from which Earth is visible as nothing more than a speck? No, it didn’t. Computers’ lack of sentience and their astounding computational and logical powers make them dominant over us.

Summary of Reading – March ’20

Homo Deus, Yuval Noah Harari – Scary, impactful, dire, and exciting. As Harari clearly stated towards the end, the book outlines probabilities and not prophecies for the future, but each advancement in technology and each step forward in dataism he predicts bifurcates into multiple, significant impacts on us, humankind. The book pens down paths towards everything from extinction events akin to humans wiping out animal populations, to a downfall of liberalism and a completely deskilled society. Being a practitioner of data science, Harari’s message was something that just didn’t have deep implications, but also seemed real enough to be taken seriously. Another thing that stood out for me is Harari’s explanation of capitalism as a distributed data processing system, and how no single person knows the great machine works, but the great machine keeps on working; how politicians are genuinely oblivious to the working of their nations, because the working of their nation is dependant on how everything falls together and how social forces interact. I compared this to the Foundation Saga as well, where individuals play no role in the greater scheme of things, but what Harari predicts is of a much larger magnitude: humans will play no role at all.

Astrophysics for People in a Hurry, Neil deGrasse Tyson – Worth a read. I had a decent idea about the stuff Tyson talks about in this book beforehand, but that didn’t prevent it from being enjoyable. I especially loved the descriptions of various elements in the cosmic sense: where they came from and their role within the universe. His entire commentary on dark matter and dark energy was also catching, especially how the effect of both counter-acts Einstein’s cosmological constant, which I’ve never heard of before. I especially remember Tyson pointing out how Einstein’s greatest blunder wasn’t the cosmological constant, but instead labelling the cosmological constant as his greatest blunder. He doesn’t betray the purpose of his book, delivering the wonder of the cosmos to all audiences, which is unique given how most books of the non-fiction, science genre pretend to be easy to grasp for anyone at all but end up being warped and confusing for most.

Summary of Reading – February ’20

Talking to Strangers; Malcolm Gladwell – I think Gladwell set the bar too high with Outliers and David and Goliath. Don’t get me wrong, talking to strangers is a wonderful book but it’s in no way as impactful or as relatable as the two aforementioned books. What made outliers stand out is that it resonated with our desire to succeed and be the outlier in a group of people. What made David and Goliath stand out is the simple fact that everyone has faced a ‘Goliath’ per say at some point in their lives. Gladwell’s primary point over the course of the book is that we really don’t know how to talk to strangers, and while that is elaborated on, the book just isn’t as good as outliers. I think this is a textbook case of an author trying to unsuccessfully grow out of his own shadow. Regarding the book itself, it’s definitely an interesting read. The main lesson I took away from it is that I shouldn’t default to truth and trust everyone I talk to on face value, but also shouldn’t assume everyone is something they don’t appear to be. There’s a broad grey area in there, that’s where I should operate socially. Also, another thing I took away is that jumping to conclusions on what is clearly insufficient data isn’t really comprehensive, and mowing down on it will be helpful.

Origin; Dan Brown – The ending destroys the entire book. Brown spends the entire book building up to a huge scientific discovery, over which people have been killed and monarchs have been allegated, but throws all that tension and suspense down the drain with a discovery that fails to honor the time and effort that went into making it look exciting. Brown tries to balance science, religion, and technology, yet fails miserably. The twist at the end that Winston conducted and oversaw everything, especially the assassination of his creator, is pretty harrowing and way more impactful than the premise of the book itself. I also loved Kirsch’s character, everything from how he collected his old PCs to his Tesla publicity stunts and his pure attention-grabbing nature (relatable). Also, the king’s secret, a.k.a, his gay relationship with the bishop seemed like a complete publicity stunt to me, totally redundant and added nothing at all to the story. Seemed like an attempt at creating something that was barely marketable.

Artemis; Andy Weir – Definitely had the same level of complexity as The Martian, but fails to be as impactful. Really suffered from the protagonist giving too many personal anecdotes, which either came off as either funny or jargon. Also suffered from doing stuff that was either over-explained, or totally unnecessary. Artemis is a continuation of that long tradition of authors not being able to grow out of the shadow of their best-sellers. On the other hand, I loved the setting, and the attention to detail when it came to depicting Artemis. That entire union between a purely sci-fi world and the politics that dominates everyday life on modern day planet Earth is beautiful. The effort that goes into preventing Artemis from being entangled into the web that is crime syndicates and gang wars is also commendable.

Ready Player One; Ernest Cline – Hands down one of the best books I’ve ever read. The pure geekiness, the thrill of playing the game, and all that energy throughout the book are contagious. Every little detail, from Parzival’s X-Wing to countless DnD references. The story, in itself, is quite a rollercoaster. Cline takes the simplicity of solving a series of challenges and applies it to an endless virtual world that is the largest economic asset in reality. Countless planets, endless possibilities; everything from playing your way through movies as the lead character, to programming decades-old computers. There’s a subtle commentary, through the inclusion of the IOI, on how excessive regulation and order (being told what to do the entire time) is deplorable, and doing things for the fun of it is many times more rewarding. Definitely the type of book that can get someone hooked onto programming to a greater extent, and heaven for gamers. It played on my inner tech-savvy personality.

Summary of Reading – Dec’19/Jan ’20

A Century is Not Enough (Sourav Ganguly) – Focused primarily on Ganguly’s fighting spirit during his toughest times, and how he got himself to bounce back no matter how low the odds seemed to be. While we do get an interesting snapshot of his cricketing journey, it definitely would’ve been much more exciting had he spent more words on the IPL, or about his life before representing India. What the book conveys, in my opinion, is don’t give up no matter how much you’ve already done, don’t take your position for granted. On a general basis, not that good a book because it focuses solely on the mental aspects of Ganguly’s game, and has sparsely located personal anecdotes and experiences.

Prelude to Foundation (Isaac Asimov) – A step as compared to Foundation’s Edge and Foundation and Earth. What I took away from the initial stages of the book was the contrast between what psychohistory is in the main trilogy, and how unsure Seldon is of it in the book. Really just showed no matter how improbably or irrelevant something seems at the start, its potential really can’t be measured. The different cultures/societies introduced was also fascinating, especially Dahl. What made Dahl stand out, for me, was just how close equality seemed to be, but the irony involved with Dahlites both wanting equality with other sectors across Trantor, and having factions/ranks within their own societal order (no heatsinkers in the house etc.). The ending was also pretty awesome, especially with Hummin being revealed as Demerzel, but then being revealed as Daneel (robot) who was implementing the zeroth law of robotics the entire time. That part where Daneel reveals who also has another plan he doesn’t want Seldon to know about is also pretty telling, with him obviously referring to Gaia. Really served as the sort of reference that made everything much more connected to the later books (chronological).

The Culture Code (Daniel Coyle) – Not that bad, but not excessively good either. The monotone style of writing made reading the book a tad hard (although a short length rescued it). It was interesting reading about how having techniques that promoted open-mindedness in the form of having the ability to question anything, even the management, was pretty interesting. Some parts were inspirational, not that good a read but still worthy trying, especially if you’re taking a shot at being an effective leader.

Forward the Foundation (Isaac Asimov) – Nearly not as good as Prelude to Foundation. I hated how lonely Seldon became at the end. Plus, I’m not a huge fan of Dors being a robot from the very start. How Seldon’s love “made her human” was pretty emotional, but that reveal was way too forged. Also didn’t like Raych and family moving away, and then Seldon sending Wanda away for her own good. Huge difference between the Seldon here, and the Seldon portrayed in the original Foundation book. Also wanted a closer look at Gaal Dormick. I think the Foundation Saga would’ve been decisively better without the two prequel books, they seem like dead weight to me.

Taking a Look at the Entire Foundation Saga

I finished reading Asimov’s Foundation Saga yesterday, and truth is, it has blown my mind. The sheer number of characters, worlds, plot-lines, and events dotted throughout the entire saga is insane. Science fiction doesn’t get any better than this.

Having a story that spans over half a millennium inadvertently led to tons of characters being introduced and cast away. I think what really stood out for me here is that the individual really is powerless, and effectively irrelevant in the larger scheme of things. What one person does can’t ever impact what larger social and economic forces will eventually do. The best example here is the collapse of the empire’s effort to encircle and besiege the Foundation, regardless of the main characters of the time who tried to play their parts as heroes but later realized they have no position within Seldon’s timeline.

I really wanted Asimov to dive deeper into how psychohistory works. We really don’t know anything, apart from the fact that the prime radiant is the single most important tool available to the Second Foundation, and that it’s a predictive science. The only semblance of ‘work’ we have is people like Yugo Amaryl and Seldon staying locked in their offices almost the entire time (with the story detailing what happens when they’re not working). Another thing that I really didn’t get was the contrast between the Trantor we see at the start of the first Foundation book, and the Trantor we see at the end of the second prequel series book. Foundation started off with depicting Trantor as this colossal metallic world, technologically advanced and densely populated with vibrant civilians. However, the Trantor we see at the end of Forward the Foundation is a bleak, dull world with no semblance of life. A world stumbling in its own steps. In fact, the entire premise of the first book was that the glory of Trantor would be tarnished with time and large forces, but the second prequel presents an already worn out Trantor. Lastly, I really don’t see how the empire’s “slow” disintegration into barbarism takes place over a single lifetime. While the Foundation grows strong over hundreds of years, the entire galactic empire splits apart within a maximum of fifty years. Weird.

However, the entire saga clearly had its highs. I absolutely loved Foundation and Empire and Second Foundation. Here are some of my favorite moments from the entire saga:

  1. Bayta Darell shoots Ebling Mis/Reveals the Mule’s identity – Maybe the most well-executed twist I’ve ever seen in writing. Executed to perfection, such that every single event that occurred before seemed to fall into place and conform to this obvious pattern everyone missed. What struck me even more was the Mule leaving Bayta free of being manipulated by his psychic powers simply because she was the first person in his life who genuinely showed caring for him. Powerful. I think what Asimov meant to convey here was that emotions can play a huge role too in any story. Succeeded to some extent.
  2. The Mule finally conquers Terminus – I really adore the twist that comes with Seldon’s recording being not even remotely close to what’s actually happening. It’s utterly shocking, and after two books which kept Seldon and his psychohistory as the bedrock of the entire story, pretty impactful too. Really just conveys the gravity of the situation, and how big a threat the Mule is.
  3. Seldon’s hearing – Seldon vs Trantor, or rather the Empire is entertaining. It’s a classic play on those science versus politics debates we still have today. Seldon’s assertion of how “Scientific Truth is beyond loyalty or disloyalty” is also pretty chilling.
  4. The Mule’s showdown with the Second Foundation – I enjoyed this entire scene just for the thrill it provided. Psychic powers versus psychic powers was pretty eventful. Really caught my attention. Every person trying to double cross the other and control the situation as per his plan, and every single move turning out to be part in a different person’s setup, so much so that even the reader didn’t know who was who until the Mule was defeated. However, I was a bit shocked by how the Second Foundation sacrificed the people of an entire planet just to defeat the Mule.
  5. The Second Foundation’s location is revealed – I think this is the zenith of the entire saga. Everything really just falls down from here. At this point, everyone is wondering whether the Second Foundation is located at Terminus, Trantor, or another obscure world in an infinitesimally large galaxy. I sort of spoiled it for myself by flipping through the first book, and realizing how Seldon told Gaal Dornick that some would stay behind for another purpose. The part of this entire reveal that really struck me wasn’t the reveal itself, but how Trantor is the place where the “Stars end,” which is quite poetic and somewhat stunning. Brought out some nostalgia as well.
  6. Salvor Hardin subdues Anacreon – Liked this thing simply because of the way Hardin brought an entire empire to its knees using the wonder of science, or rather the dependency of an entire empire on it. A bit like Rick bringing down the value of the galactic currency to null.
  7. Foundation’s Ending – The dialogue about the sun and spear was brilliant. Really put the notion of this ant that the Foundation was at the point facing the mammoth that was the empire, set the tone perfectly for the second book in the series (admittedly this drops off a bit at the start of the second book). I view this entire thing as a giant octopus unfurling its tentacles.

What I loved about the saga was the fact that it explored nearly every facet of human existence, and the sheer quality of science fiction it had. Countless characters; degrading and improving technology; falling and rising galactic empires.

Summary of Reading (November ’19)

Foundation; Isaac Asimov – Perhaps the only sci-fi book I’ve read that is able to depict a stunning future along with capturing human flaws and characteristics so accurately. While there was always the sense that the story was pretty much done and dusted right at the start due to the Seldon Plan, what made this book interesting is the portrayal of just how insignificant most individuals are in the grand scheme of things, yet still have potential to influence larger economic and social forces. The plot takes off with the decay of a galactic empire, a theme that definitely hits home in the modern age. My favorite moment of the book is Seldon’s hearing due to his dire predictions for the empire. It shows how scientific truth and empirical evidence often clash with political opinions and desires, and how the former is ignored amidst bureaucracy. Seldon’s statement of “Scientific truth being beyond loyalty or disloyalty” really did give me goosebumps. I see such reflections throughout the world. Certain leaders ignoring climate change. The flat earth theory (utter bs). Even religion, to a certain extent.

Foundation and Empire; Isaac Asimov – The first half of the book conveys an incredibly interesting message, the threat of mutiny. If a ruler has weak military commanders, his empire won’t grow. However, if a ruler has strong military commanders, the threat of rebellion persuades the ruler to remove those commanders. However, the story really did begin with the arrival of the Mule. Thereafter, it’s impossible to put the book down. Everything really just builds up to the end, wherein we learn that the mysterious Mule has been hiding in plain sights all along. Claimed to be a fear-arousing, dark giant with telekinetic powers, he turns out to be pale, frail clown with psychic abilities and powers of emotional manipulation. For me, it really just goes to show how huge an impact emotions have on us human beings. The Mule was able to forge a kingdom, and almost an empire had it not been for the Second Foundation and Bayta Darell exclusively due to his vast emotional powers that allowed him to make entire populations feel miserable.

Second Foundation; Isaac Asimov – The high point in the Foundation series. What makes this book so riveting is the sheer number of possibilities behind and beyond each and every event. Every occurrence has multiple explanations. Every plan years of planning and perseverance. This book really is about intellectual and mental, or psychic battles, rather than the physical challenges faced earlier. Every character strives to outsmart and improvise. Furthermore, Asimov incorporates various other elements that make everything seem all the more human. For instance, the sacrifice of an entire planet to fool the Mule into thinking he had destroyed the Second Foundation, or maybe sacrificing the life, or rather mind, of a Second Foundationer to trick the Mule into falling into the big trap.

Foundation’s Edge; Isaac Asimov The series really does take a drop from here. The characters are much more boring, and the story-line feels like something done just for the sake of writing a book. Regardless, I did find some aspects interesting, such as the gravitics-based spaceship, and the ‘brain’ of the same. This also loses that ‘foundation’ feel with the entire story revolving around a handful of characters, unlike the other books wherein characters come and go but large economic and social forces remain constant.

Foundation and Earth; Isaac Asimov – I don’t know whether this book is horrible because it just is or because it continues this new character-based storytelling format. The first three books covered upto 150 years each, yet the 4th and 5th ones manage to not even span a decade, and act more like documentaries of Trevize’s journey. The entire purpose of this book is to answer a question raised at the end of the last book, which makes no sense. What is even more damaging is the fact that there is absolutely no focus on both the Foundations, which is supposed to be the purpose behind the entire saga.

The Foundation Series

This post is sponsored by sheer excitement. May contain spoilers.

It would be accurate to say that the defining aspect of this brilliant series is how ‘human’ everybody is. Human flaws, intellect, and experiences form every single plotline. Whether be it underestimation sanctioning the Mule’s rise to power, or the outrage at Seldon’s predictions of the collapse of the far-reaching Galactic Empire. Every single facet of this book is page-turning. It has everything, from planets coated in metal to spaceships that sync with the mind. The Foundation Series is a must-read for anyone out there.

What I also love is how absorbing the story is even though it spans a thousand years. Attachments to characters are disbanded. The only thing that does remain constant is the inevitability of psychohistory. This allows Asimov to toy around with dozens of characters, making the book pretty unique. Here are some characters I can recall off the top of my head:

  • Hari Seldon (psychohistorian)
  • Hober Mallow (Trader and later Mayor)
  • Salvor Hardin (First Mayor of the Foundation)
  • The Mule (Mutant with powers of emotional manipulation)
  • Bayta Darell (Civilian who stopped the Mule)
  • Arkady Darell (Played like a doll by the Second Foundation)
  • Golan Trevise (Big decision-maker)
  • Munn Li Compor (Councilman)
  • Bail Channis (unconverted military general)
  • Hann Pritcher (converted military general)
  • Bel Riose (ambitious military general)
  • Janov Pelorat (Historian trying to find Earth)
  • Preem Palmer (First Speaker)
  • Stor Gendibal (Speaker)
  • Ebling Mis (Psychologist)

The number of locations involved is fascinating as well. From planets near the galactic centre to those in the outer rim. From worlds abounding with radioactivity to kingdoms at Star’s End. From isolated global consciousness established by rogue robots to pleasure worlds like Kaglan.

Every action has a consequence. Everything plays a part in the larger scheme. Economic and social forces dictate everything. However, in an interesting twist, the only thing that threatens fate is individual actions. The ability to think, see the truth as it is, not as it should be, hampers the Seldon plan. For me, this is inspiring. After all, it does support the view that even one person can turn the world on its head. The Foundation series makes me appreciate certain qualities I never acknowledged before. It makes me desire the iron will of Salvor Hardin. It makes me search for the mental powers of the Second Foundation within myself. It makes me quest for the genius of Hari Seldon..

It would be foolish to express my awe in a single blog post. Pay up. Read this masterpiece of a series. It will open you to aspects of human nature that pass unnoticed. It advertises fallacies and advocates for morality yet sureness.

Here are some amazing quotes from the series.

“Violence is the last refuge of the incompetent.”

Hari Seldon

“Never let your sense of morals prevent you from doing what is right.”

Salvor Hardin

This one’s pretty chilling. Pretty applicable to the real world as well.

“Scientific truth is beyond loyalty and disloyalty”

Hari Seldon

“It’s always easy to explain the unknown by postulating a superhuman and arbitrary will”

Homir Munn

So true.

“The advance of civilization is an exercise in nothing but the limiting of privacy”

Janov Pelorat

September ’19 – Summary of Reading

Pebble in the Sky; Isaac Asimov – Went from a mundane storyline at the start to a brilliant ending bursting with energy. I found it really hard to read this book at the start, primarily due to the massive amount of time and content Asimov spent on setting up stuff. However, as soon as Schwartz escaped, the book magnificently picked up the pace and had me invorigated right till the end. I think it was interesting to see non-Earth people treating Earth people the same way some humans treat other humans, an eye-opener for me.

I, Robot; Isaac Asimov – A storyline composed out of distinct short stories didn’t look impressive to me before I started reading the book, but I was drastically wrong. I think the definitive quality of this book is the way it represents the future. Furthermore, the sheer amount of advancement that is palpable throughout the book excited me a lot. What I absolutely loved was how human elements were combined with robotics, leading to stuff like robopsychology, cyber-sentience, and paradoxes in reality. The last chapter was a bit boring, but on an overall basis, definitely one of the better books I’ve read.

The Godfather; Mario PuzioA well-written book, full of suspense and dynamics, and successful at creating a constant sense of danger. I enjoyed how Puzio switched from character to character and exploited every possible plotline – inevitably creating contrasts and ironies. Every single action had a consequence. That being said, there were some aspects I didn’t like that much. Luca Brasi’s death really hit me hard, and it seemed pretty avoidable and impossible as well. On an overall basis, one of the better books I’ve read, certainly not the best, but a memorable read nonetheless. Puzio’s repeated emphasis on the allure of maintaining composure and calm, and the foolishness of succumbing to anger and paranoia was one of the more concrete messages that got to me.

Automate The Boring Stuff; Al Sweigart – Nice, enthralling introduction to how the powerful the python language can be when used properly. I especially enjoyed the chapters on working with APIs and web browsers. That being said, as a consequence of the book having already become really old, there are various outdated practices that could prove to be misleading. I also don’t get why there’s so much on manipulating data when the far better alternative of pandas already exists.

The Stars, Like Dust; Isaac Asimov Just amazing. This book incorporated everything from rebellion planets to emotional manipulation, had treachery and plots running beneath pre-existing sub-plots. Every page offered a monumental event, every chapter a higher mountain to climb. The end did seem a bit cringy to me, with a breadcrumb being offered for US politics, but it was nonetheless inspiring. The characters were intricately crafted, and the entire affair of good guys being bad guys and bad guys being good guys had the effect of keeping one on the edge of his/her seat. Perhaps the most brilliant aspect of the book, the thought, and later truth, of the rebellion planet not being in a mysterious nebula but instead in plain sight, and the true nature of the director being hidden away in plain sight as well managed to enthrall me.

Summary of Reading – August ’19

The Glass Palace; Amitav Ghosh – A book reliant on emotions and relationships. Really didn’t bode well with me. The end was depressing and cruel, with characters having been developed throughout the book being separated and consequently dying. I usually don’t read books in this category. This book just ensured that i’ll continue to do so.

The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy; Douglas Adams – One of the best books I’ve ever read in my life. Challenges the borders of imagination. The one thing that stands out throughout is just how absurd, and surprisingly realistic everything seems to be. Adams’s use of humour and sarcasm is also a defining aspect of the book. From mice being ‘pan-dimensional’ beings to depressed robots with brains the size of the planets, this book is one hell of a read for those who love what lies beyond. His little digs at some of our defining aspects also avoid failing to grab attention. There were two that I distinctly remember. The first being the one about construction crews demolishing homes, inflated to gargantuan levels by starting off the book with an intergalactic construction crew that demolishes the Earth (the dolphins knew!). The second is much more subtle – Dent’s use of various ‘stylistic devices’ to provide a feedback for Vogon poetry.

The Restaurant at the End of the Universe; Douglas Adams – This book takes a more poignant tone, but not without degrading the humour. Zaphod entire argument of anyone wanting to be a president not being a good fit for president comes true, dramatically, with the ‘man who controls the universe.’ However, Ford and Arthur’s stay on prehistoric earth grabbed the headlines for me. I adored how Adams manages to use the Golgafrinchans to convey both humor and anger at us humans. Their insane amounts of stupidity, which was responsible for tree-dwellers dying out and being named cave-men, and war being declared on regions with no people did manage to capture the essence of what humans are. Personally, I feel Adams uses this to take a hit at the entire concept of war and egoism.

Life, the Universe and Everything; Douglas Adams – An absolutely brilliant read. Adams hilariously transforms the popular game of cricket into an intergalactic war that kills over 2 ‘grillion’ people. The element of realism makes this worth reading. Personally, I think there were strong connotations between the people of Krikkit and religion. Both behave similarly in the sense that they meet circumstances/events that oppose their ideology or beliefs, and then choose to destroy rather than embrace those self same circumstances. The way Adams uses the white krikkit robots as symbols of death and loyalty (in my opinion) is also spectacular. In all, another stunning book in the series.

So Long, and Thanks for All the Fish; Douglas Adams – This book takes on quite a different tone and setting from the previous books. Surprisingly, Arthur gets a girlfriend. This rounds off his character arc well. He’s settled, got back his planet, and has a person to relax and connect with. It brings out Arthur’s social side, while providing answers to some plaguing questions (but not providing THE question).

Mostly Harmless; Douglas Adams – In typical Douglas Adams fashion, Douglas Adams kills Fenchurch (not exactly kill, but shift Arthur to a universe where Fenchurch doesn’t exist). In addition to being uncannily depressing, it also brings about the destruction of the old guide. Furthermore, to compound this misery, Earth is destroyed yet again, and all of the main characters die. As I said, depressing. It does round off the series pretty well. Adams started by destroying the Earth and ensuring all of the main characters survive, and he ends by destroying the Earth and ensuring all of the main characters die. Perhaps Martin got his inspiration from here.